This famous upcountry town is situated 1868 meters (6128 feet) above sea level and is in the Nuwara Eliya District. Due to its high altitude, it has a Sub Tropical Highland climate. The average annual temperature varies between 11-20 C° and the recorded lowest temperature is 0.4 C° and the recorded highest temperature is 27.7 C°. Monthly rainfall varies between 70-225 mm and has an average annual rainfall figure or precipitation of 1900 mm. The maximum rainfall is generally in October and the minimum rainfall is in March. During the year it has a relative humidity between 65%-87%.
The first recent written account on Nuwara Eliya is by Dr.John Davy. In 1819 he had visited Nuwara Eliya during a trekking expedition.
The direction he has accessed Nuwara Eliya was from Uva. During that time Nuwara Eliya was uninhabited. The Nuwara Eliya valley was covered with thick forest on slopes and grass patnas in valleys. It only had been a passing visit by him and his party. There had been ruins of earlier irrigation systems and an inscription stone dated back to 900 and 1000 AD stating offerings to a Buddhist vihara had been found. This was later shifted to the premises of Kachcheri of the Nuwara Eliya town. The name Nuwara Eliya has the meaning “City of Light”. Throughout the island’s history,
“Nuwara” is having a meaning of a Royal Township. Meaning of “Eliya” is not very clear but could have been Patana areas that are found among the highland’s thick forests, which get full sun shine, thus getting ample “light” or “Eliya”.
Sadathenna (Moon-plains) is situated at the edge of the beautiful city of Nuwara Eliya, 12km to the outskirts of the city towards the upper part of the Bomuru Ella at Seetha Eliya reserve and located 6438ft above main sea level which has a 360° view of the surrounding terrain. Sadathenna which is also gaining the name
“second world’s end” is surrounded by cloud forests and unique diversity of flora and fauna. The recently popularized Sadathenna has similar characteristics of its contemporary Horton Plains.
The summit at the Moon-plains offers splendid views of many mountains such as Piduruthalagala the highest mountain of Sri Lanka, Single Tree Mountain, Hakgala mountain range and Kirigalpotta range. Also you can gain knowledge on cultivation of potato and vegetables in up country and observe Uva cultivation methods as well. The entrance to the park is at the Government Seed Potato Farm where the tickets could obtain at the counter.Back to Featured Articles